Para isso, é preciso se libertar das amarras de métodos clínicos pautados pela doença e pela norma e aderir a uma clínica verdadeiramente terapêutica, na qual o sujeito e sua história individual, e ao mesmo tempo profundamente social, sejam considerados até as últimas consequências.216 Bakhtiniana, São Paulo, 7 (1): , Jan./Jun Given the huge demand for the services of speech therapy due to aspects that we have just mentioned, we believe that a practice which is based on the theory of Bakhtin's speech genres can be a therapeutic resource of great importance to individuals facing "difficulties" in reading and writing.All the Free and Informed Consent forms were signed.3 Original data in Portuguese: Há muitas queixas de dores: de cabeça, de barriga e na bexiga ; Parece incomodada muitas vezes durante as atividades pedindo para sair e dar uma voltinha ; Mostra-se apática, não parece alegre ; Sua figura demonstra diferenças entre os alunos mais saudáveis, alegres, comunicativos, criativos ; É disperso, não consegue manter-se sentado por muito tempo ; Durante as explicações para a realização das atividades mostra-se distraído e não faz perguntas ; A maioria dos colegas prefere não realizar atividades em dupla com ele ; Muitas vezes seu olhar está distante, sendo chamado muitas vezes para olhar para o quadro ou para a professora.We advocate that, through the relations of meaning that Bakhtin's theory proposes, it is possible to reverse the instabilities resulting from difficult relations with written language.Thus, this work aims at examining the contribution of Bakhtin's theory of genre for the field of clinical care concerning reading and writing, according to analyses in a master degree dissertation 2.In order to reach the outlined goal, we designed, developed and evaluated a research and therapy proposal, set as a case study focusing a speech therapy group.
Than we accepted them for speech therapy merely because the complaint of school, reflected on the speech of students/patients, has led them to reject reading and writing practices.
The problem is usually approached in a way that focus what was missed so that the subject failed in reaching the targets which had been set for him, but there is no movement in order to think why the school was unable to fulfill its function of teaching.
The speech therapist, when joining the complaint of school, must be well based not to fall in the risk of "diagnose misconceptions, which may lead the subject to get even more distant from written language appropriation process.
We start from the point of view that the problems concerning lack of success in reading and writing reflect a social problem.
The school, guided by an autonomous model of literacy (KLEIMAN, 2008), ignores the reality of its subjects and seems to be inflexible when presenting teaching practices in meaningless contexts.
Language use is forgotten, and the student, facing an authoritarian position, gets into a circle of relations which lacks sense, that is why he does not learn.